Summarized by Laura Wildschut, Equine Physical Therapist and Trainer.
Sacroiliac pain in horses can be caused due a Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction in the sacroiliac region. Unfortunately SI joint injuries are fairly common among horses. An application with VetkinTape allows veterinary professionals to aid the horse with the recovery and rehabilitation of a SI-joint dysfunction.
The sacroiliac joint (SI-joint) connects the sacrum to the hip bones (iliac crests) and its main function is to absorb the shock between the back and the hind end of the horse. It is the important connection, that allows movement to travel from the hind leg over the spine to the front of the horse. The SI-joint itself has only little movement, because of strong ligamental und muscular connections. Due to stress the joint can become inflamed, even become immobilized or unstable and therefore cannot function properly any more.
Repeated Stress on the SI-joint of the horse, for example caused by overstrain in consequence of too much or wrong training, leads to irritated and inflamed tissues and therefore the horse feels discomfort and pain. Often the development of a Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction occurs gradually, but acute cases can also happen suddenly after an injury or trauma, such as a fall in the pasture or an unfortunate landing after jump. A chronic SI injury persists over a period from at least three months and will require a much longer period of time and more repeated VetkinTape applications to recover.
- The horse’s movement will be restricted and it can also show behavioral signs of discomfort.
- Often the strides of the hind legs are shorter, because they don’t swing forward as much due to the restriction in the horse’s joints.
- Also, trouble with cantering or backing up can be connected to a Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction.
The SI taping application can also help with the prevention of a SI-joint dysfunction. The professional equine therapist can help the horse with taking stress of the structures and improving the motion of the joint, so injuries are less likely to occur.
- After competitions or intense training and riding sessions the horse needs enough recovery time, especially for strongly stressed joints like the SI-joint and the surrounding muscles.
- Keeping an eye on the horse, its condition and performance allows to detect upcoming problems early and to prevent further damage for example from a chronic SI dysfunction.
- Smart training management with extended warm up periods in the training and a controlled cool down phase after work or hard competitions protect the body of the horse from these injuries.
Safety precautions – The professional should be in a safe place when working on a horse and make sure, to check the surrounding. The horse should be held and not tied up, in case it gets scared or irritated by the tape. The handler should stand on the same side of the horse as the working professional. The ground may not be slippery.
The application of VetkinTape on the SI joint can be supported with other tape applications or therapeutic techniques. The VetkinTape can stay on for a few days and after that the application can be renewed if necessary. Usually a controlled treatment and exercise plan over the duration of 2-4 weeks is suggested.
Step 1 – For the SI joint taping of the horse, four I-Tapes are needed, each with a length of about 25cm depending on the size of the horse.
Step 2 – The edges should be rounded to prevent the tape from detaching. The space tape will be attached in a star formation on top of each other.
Step 3 – The first strip will be applied under maximum stretch along the spine (pull dorsal and caudal). The ends of each strip need to be applied with no stretch and then rub over the tape to activate the adhesive coating.
Step 4 – The second strip will be applied with maximum stretch in a 90degree angle on top of the first tape.
Step 5 – The third and fourth tape will then each be applied in a 45degree angle to the first tape.
Step 6 – The finished tape application should have the appearance of a star (or a flower).
An application with VetkinTape allows veterinary professionals to aid the horse with the recovery of a SI-joint dysfunction. A complete examination of the horse should always precede the treatment and the consideration of any other causes for the symptoms the horse is showing. A ligament technique across the region of the SI-joint is implemented to reduce the pain and to detone the high tension in the tissues. The goal is to restore the normal range of motion and allow the horse to move more comfortably and freely. Also, the movement patterns of the horse can be positively influenced by the VetkinTape addressing its sensory perception. Additionally to the VetkinTape of the SI joint, an individual controlled exercise program is recommended.
Left: Before treatment. Right: After treatment
Attention: We would like to remind you that certain tape applications, provided on our website are not yet fully scientifically proven. Mentioned applications are based on extensive evaluation and case studies with licensed veterinary physiotherapists and/or other veterinary professionals.